.COM: Short for .commercial. Domain names with the
.com extension are by far the most popular, and can be
purchased by any individual or business. .
.NET: Short for .network, this domain extension was originally designed to be used by technical Web sites. However, domains using this extension can be registered by anyone.
.ORG: Short for .organization. Originally designated for non-profit firms and any other
organizations that did not fit under the .com or .net extension, any individual or business may now register a .org domain name.
.AERO: The TLD designated for the air
transport industry. Available only to aviation community members,
this domain suffix is now live and fully functional. You can
find more information on this TLD here: www.nic.aero.
.BIZ: The .biz TLD is a designated suffix
for businesses. Domains using the .biz extension must be used
for business or commercial use. This suffix is fully active.
has more information on the .biz suffix.
.COOP: This TLD is available to cooperatives,
cooperative service organizations and wholly owned subsidiaries
of cooperatives. You can find more information on the .coop
suffix here: www.nic.coop.
.INFO: The first unrestricted top-level
domain since .com, .info domains are available to the
general public. You can find more information here: www.nic.info/gateway.
.MUSEUM: This TLD is available only to
museums, museum organizations and individual members of the
museum profession. More information on the .museum TLD is available
.NAME: Available to the general public,
.name email addresses are listed as email@example.com
or firstname.lastname@example.org, while Web sites are listed as www.firstname.lastname.name.
More information on the .name TLD is available here: www.nic.name.
.PRO: The .pro suffix was created for
certified professionals including lawyers, doctors and accountants.
RegistryPro, the organization in charge of administering .pro
domains, has initiated steps to set up the new registry, and
anticipates taking registrations in late 2002. More information
is available at www.registrypro.com.
Appraising: The process of evaluating
a domain name and determining its market value.
The amount of data that can be transmitted at a given moment
to a server. The higher your bandwidth, the larger amount of
traffic your site can handle at one time.
CGI: Short for Common Gateway Interface, a small script that processes data taken from the user (such as from a form application).
Cgi-bin: The directory on a Web server where CGI scripts are stored.
Domain servers: This contains the DNS (Domain Name System) information for a domain, and is usually listed in WHOIS records. There are usually two lines of DNS information. The first is typically a site’s primary DNS information, while the second contains secondary/back-up information.
DNS: Short for
Domain Name System which is used to translate numeric addresses
(known as IP, or Internet Protocol, addresses) into words.
names: The word sequences users enter in their
URL bar to visit your site.
Domain Name Parking -
All domain names have to be stored on a server in order
to be purchased. Most domain registration services will
therefore temporarily place a newly purchased name on
their servers until a hosting plan is purchased or the
owner points the domain name system to a different site.
This is known as domain parking
Escrow: A third party service that will essentially
hold on to the buyer’s payment when selling a domain
name, thereby protecting both the buyer and seller.
HTTP: Stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol, the protocol by which HTML files move across the Internet. HTTP requires a client browser and an HTTP server (typically a Web server).
ICANN: Stands for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, which is a not for profit organization that handles IP address space allocation and most other regulatory tasks associated with domain names.
IP Address: The numeric address behind a domain name that holds a website's real location on the Web.
Domain Name Parking: All domain names have to be stored on a server in order to be purchased. Most domain registration services will therefore temporarily place a newly purchased name on their servers until a hosting plan is purchased or the owner points the DNS to a different site. This is known as parking.
Propagation Period: The process
where name servers throughout the Internet add new domains
and remove expired ones from their records. This can
be a lengthy process, which is why connecting to a new
domain name can often take three or four days.
Reseller: A company/person
that sells domain names through registry services provided by
an ICANN approved registrar.
SSL: Short for Secure Sockets Layer, a protocol developed by Netscape to handle and protect confidential/sensitive information required for e-commerce transactions (like credit card numbers). SSL address usually begin with 'https'.
Subdomain: Typically known as a "domain within a domain", subdomains are individual Web addresses built upon a pre-existing domain name (such as clientname.yourhostingcompany.com). As a reseller, you will have the option of assigning subdomains to clients if they do not choose to have a domain name.
TLD: Short for Top Level Domain.
The suffix for domain names like .com, .net and .org
WHOIS: A central database which tracks
all domain name/IP registrations. Each domain name registrar
typically maintains its own version of a WHOIS database. whois.sc